While leading our life carefree, we often forget that time waits for none. Like the sand hour glass, time is slowly and steadily passing by. All the bad habits like eating junk food, sleeping late, no exercise and work pressure will ultimately catch up on us. As we age, the collagen in our body depletes and it impacts the overall appearance.
Thankfully there are collagen creams and supplements available in the market that can work from outside and well as from within to counter the aging effects.
Not many people know that there are actually 16 different kinds of collagen inside the human body. Most of the collagen used in human body, at least 80 to 90 percent of them make use of type 1, 2, and 3 collagen.
According to a recent study, the type 1 collagen mainly comprises of nearly 90 percent of the body’s supply. You can also find the different types of collagen in certain food items, and these are generally used to create the collagen based supplements and products. In this article we will discuss about these collagen types 1, 2, 3, 5 and 10.
Overview of different collagen types
This is the most popular collagen and it is known to be the strongest type that is found in human body. It comprises of eosinophilic fibers that form various parts of the body including the organs, ligaments, skin and tendons.
This type of collagen helps in making bones as it can be traced in the gastro intestinal tract. It is helpful in healing wounds and it gives a stretchy and elastic feel to the skin.
This is a type of collagen that primarily helps in building connective tissues. Our joints are held together with the help of cartilages that are made up of type 2 collages.
Thus, consuming the type 2 collagen in any form can greatly help in preventing joint pain, arthritis and other health issues associated with aging.
The type 3 collagen is made from reticular fibers, which is a chief component present in the extracellular matrix that composes skin and various organs. This collagen type is usually found with type 1 and provides just the right amount of firmness and elasticity to skin.
It also helps in the formation of tissues and blood vessels within the heart. As a result, the lack of type 3 collagen leads to higher risk for broken blood vessels, even causing early death.
The type 4 collagen is known to form the basal lamina that can be found in endothelial cells that form the tissues in muscles, organs and fat. The basal lamina is useful in proper functioning of blood vessels and nerves. They form the lining in most of the respiratory surfaces and digestive organs.
This collagen type can be found in the gaps between the topmost layer and the deepest layer of the skin/ tissue. They work like a thin gel like padding or cushion for the tissues.
This type of collagen forms the surface layer of the cells, tissues and hair strands. They can be found in the placenta, the organ which develops in a woman’s uterus to supply food and oxygen to the growing fetus.
The type 10 collagen helps in the formation of bones and articular cartilage. It also has a major role to play in endochondral ossification, the process of creating bone tissues in mammals.
It is also considered to be helpful in repairing of synovial joints and healing bone fracture.
Over time, the levels of all types of collagen found within the body starts to wane. The collagen fibers slowly break down and they do not regenerate resulting in a deflation effect on the skin.
As type 2 collagen reduces, the effects are obvious and they sometimes go unnoticed. It is considered as a part of the normal aging process.
Studies have shown that by the age of 40, the ability of the body to produce collagen often decreases by 25 percent and by the time a person reaches 60 years of age, it reduces by 50 percent.
As you age and the different types of collagen reduce within the body, you can counterbalance the effect by taking a diet rich in collagen. You may also take collagen supplements to feel healthier and more active from within. The collagen based creams can work as a temporary fix to reduce fine lines and make you look younger.